Legislation and Safety Standards
As outdoor dining and similar streetside venues became commonplace throughout the U.S. during the pandemic, so too did deaths and injuries from vehicles crashing into those diners and pedestrians.
TEXAS TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE (TTI)
TEXAS A&M TRANSPORTATION INSTITUTE'S LOW-SPEED BARRIER TESTING PROCEDURE - KAGS NEWS (Video) - DECEMBER 2014 - featured in new reports about the new testing procedures for safety barriers and bollards under ASTM F3016.
NEW STANDARD APPROVED! - DECEMBER 9, 2014
Read: Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) Plays Key Role in Creating New Safety Standard to Prevent Storefront Crashes. Storefront Safety Council co-founder Rob Reiter named driving force behind this standard.
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (American Society for Testing and Materials)
NEW ASTM LOW SPEED IMPACT TESTING STANDARDS TO AID IN LOWERING RISK OF STOREFRONT CAR ACCIDENTS JANUARY 2015
Protective barriers are becoming an increasingly important component of preventing or minimizing the damage from such accidents. Now, a new ASTM standard quantifies the dynamic performance of vehicle protective devices at speeds of 50 km/h (30 mph) and lower. The procedure described in ASTM F3016 will establish a penetration rating for vehicle protective devices subjected to low-speed vehicle impact. The determined penetration rating will provide end users with the ability to select an appropriate barrier for site-specific conditions.
LOW SPEED VEHICLE BARRIERS - ASTM STANDARDIZATION NEWS - UPDATE, SEP/OCT 2012
“Separating pedestrians from traffic and protecting storefronts from the impacts of cars that jump curbs as a result of operator error are compelling issues of public safety and building and public space design,” says Robert Reiter, a member of ASTM Subcommittee F12.10, and a storefront safety consultant. The proposed new standard will begin to address this issue by providing testing parameters for lower speed vehicle barriers.
LEGISLATION AND ORDINANCES
CALIFORNIA, AB2161 - ASSEMBLY BILL QUIRK - 2017
Allowed insurers to consider the use of certain vehicle barriers at a commercial property as safety devices that qualify for a discount on the owner's insurance premiums, as approved by the Insurance Commissioner. The measure also encouraged the California Building Standards Commission to adopt a statewide standard for such safety devices.
MIDFIELD, ALABAMA ORDINANCE AMENDMENT NO. 2017-01 - 2016
Requires businesses to place a barrier in front of their building if parking is within 10 feet of the entrance to the facility. Current businesses are grandfathered in and will only have to install a barrier if they make changes to their building or parking lot. The city council passed the law after an SUV crashed into a dentist’s office, killing 6-year-old Camlyn Lee.
ORANGE COUNTY, FL, ORDINANCE 2016-09 - 2016
Requires childcare facilities to have safety barriers in exposed areas. The measure came as a response to the 2014 death of Lily Quintus, and serious injury of several other children, when a vehicle crashed into a childcare center in the county. Orange County also established the Lily Quintus Childcare Center Vehicle Impact Grant, providing up to $10,000 to assist childcare centers with installing safety barriers in front of their buildings.
CITY OF MALIBU, CA ORDINANCE NO. 403 - 2016
City passes new parking lot safety standards ordinance. Read ordinance.
Requires “vehicle impact protection devices” in existing and future parking lots for head-in spaces within 75 feet of outdoor seating areas. Then-Mayor Pro Tem (now Mayor) Lou La Monte introduced the measure after learning of the Buena Park Farrell’s Ice Cream Parlour tragedy.
CITY OF ARTESIA, ORDINANCE NO. 15-817 - CALIFORNIA - 2015
Requires, among other things, that “vehicle impact protection devices” be installed adjacent to parking spaces that are angled between 30 to 90 degrees relative to an adjacent outdoor pedestrian seating area. The ordinance effort was led by Artesia City Council member Victor Manolo after his mother-in-law was killed and his daughter was severely injured when a vehicle crashed into them in front of Farrell’s Ice Cream Parlour in nearby Buena Park.
MASSACHUSETTS - STATE REP CAROLYN DYKEMA - 2013, 2015
Twice introduced legislation, in 2013 and 2015, to mandate the installation of barriers between certain parking spaces and retail establishments, but neither bill survived to a full vote.
MIAMI/DADE, FL ORDINANCE NO. 120887 - APRIL 2012
Requires that head-in parking located directly adjacent to a storefront be equipped with concrete security planters with a minimum depth of 40 inches, and that buildings located there have ground-floor windowsills placed at a height of 24 to 48 inches above grade.